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Public-Private Partnerships in R&D... A Global Perspective

Author Name : Rupinder Tewari, Mansimran Khokhar & Radhika Trikha

Features

  • Publisher : Studium Press (India) Pvt. Ltd.
  • Edition : 1st
  • ISBN 13 : 978-93-85046-68-1
  • Page no : 574 + xxxviii
  • Publication Year : 2020
$2995

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  • Description
  • Table Of Content
  • Reviews
World over, the pundits of policy making recognize Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) as the key elements for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), established by the United Nations. Academia, industry and the government are three major pillars that make the foundation of a robust STI ecosystem. Academic sector is not only the breadbasket of fundamental research but also contributes immensely to early stage of translational research, i.e. development of proof-of-concept. However, subsequent product/process development and 'scale-up stage' necessitates industrial handholding. This connect between academia and industry turns out to be beneficial for the latter as well, allowing them to acquire innovative products/processes and that too at affordable costs. Besides, the academia also serves to resolve the R&D issues of the industrial sector, especially MSMEs which are financially starved. The government through its various R&D funding schemes and initiatives plays a crucial role in further augmenting research and innovation of public and private sectors. While all the three stakeholders strive towards generating innovations, their un-chaperoned efforts cannot attain what their partnership can. Therefore, it is imperative for all the stakeholders to shed in silo approach and adopt in system approach. Developed nations have accepted this fact and adopted Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) as an effective tool for generation of novel innovations. Developing countries, like India, are slowly graduating in this direction but have a long road ahead to mature into a well-established ecosystem of PPP in R&D. The book entitled, 'Public-Private Partnerships in R&D... A Global Perspective', presents an overview of the schemes/programmes of eighteen countries including USA, Canada, Germany, UK, Israel, Japan, S. Korea, China, India, Singapore, Taiwan, Finland, etc. The book illustrates various aspects of innovation policies/programmes/schemes, which can be categorized as bipartite partnerships (Industry-Academia; Government-Industry; Government-Academia) and tripartite partnership (Government-Industry-Academia). Some of the highly acclaimed programmes, e.g. Catapult Centres of UK and Fraunhofer Institutes of Germany have been discussed at length for the promotion of mission oriented R&D and contractual research respectively. Initiatives in the book encompass setting up of Industry-Academia Research Centres, Industrial Laboratories in the Academic Sector, Positioning Moderators between Industry & Academia, Innovation Clusters, Innovation Vouchers, Gap-Funding Programmes, SME R&D Assistance Programmes, R&D Tax Incentives, Technology Portals, and so on. The book also incorporates a 'Suggestive Roadmap for Strengthening R&D Ecosystem through PPP' especially for developing countries based on best practices from all over the world.
Table of Content Messages – Foreword – About the Authors – Preface – Acknowledgements – 1. Public-Private Partnerships in Science, Technology and Innovation – 2. Models of Public-Private Partnerships in R&D • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Industry/University Cooperative Research Centres (I/UCRC) Programme 2.2. National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI) 2.3. Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) 2.4. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Programme 2.5. Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programme 2.6. Engineering Research Centre (ERC) Programme 2.7. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) 2.8. Partnerships for Innovation (PFI) 3. References • CANADA 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Industrial Research Assistance Programme (IRAP) Scheme 2.2. Mitacs 2.3. Idea to Innovation Grants (I2I) 2.4. Collaborative Research and Development (CRD) Grants 2.5. Networks of Centres of Excellence 2.6. Innovation Superclusters Initiative 3. References • GERMANY 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Fraunhofer Society 2.2. Research Campus 2.3. Start-ups from Science (Existengrundungenaus der Wissenschaft) - EXIST 2.4. Central Innovation Programmes for SMEs 2.5. Validation of the Technological and Social Innovative Potential of Scientific Research (Validierung des Innovations Potenzial Swissen Schaftlicher Forschung) - VIP+ 2.6. Industrial Collective Research for SMEs 3. References • UNITED KINGDOM 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Catapult Programme 2.2. Knowledge Transfer Partnerships (KTP) 2.3. Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF) 2.4. Industrial Partnership Award 2.5. Stand-alone LINK Scheme 2.6. N8-Industry Innovation Forum 2.7. Science Parks 3. References • FRANCE 1. Introduction 1.1. National Research Agency [Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR)] 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Joint Laboratories between Public Research Organizations and SMEs or Intermediate-Sized Enterprises (Lab Com) 2.2. Industrial Chairs 2.3. Carnot Initiative 2.4. Technology Transfer Acceleration Company [Sociétéd’accélération du transfert de technologie (SATT)] 2.5. Technological Research Institute [Institut de recherchetechnologique (IRT)] 2.6. Industrial Training Convention by Research [Conventions Industrielles de Formation par laRecherche (CIFRE)] 2.7. Competitiveness Cluster 3. References • IRELAND 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Knowledge Transfer Ireland 2.2. Technology Gateway Network 2.3. Innovation Partnership Programme 2.4. Industry Research and Development Group (IRDG) 2.5. Innovation Vouchers 2.6. SFI Industry Fellowship Programme 3. References • EUROPEAN UNION 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. The Framework Programme 2.2. Horizon 2020 2.3. Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership (ECSEL) • ISRAEL 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Magnet 2.2. Technological Incubators Programme 2.3. Israel Tech Transfer Organization (ITTN) 2.4. Applied Support of Research Institutes 2.5. Promoting Applied Research in Academia 3. References • SWITZERLAND 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Innosuisse (Swiss Innovation Agency) 2.2. State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) 3. References • SWEDEN 1. Introduction 1.1. Ministry of Education and Research (MER) 1.2. Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation (MEI) 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Centre of Excellence (CoE) Initiative 2.2. The Knowledge Triangle 2.3. Swedish Knowledge Foundation 2.4. Industrial Research Institutes 2.5. Start-Up Sweden Programme 2.6. Coaching Programme for Small and Medium Size Companies 2.7. Demo Environment Funds Programme 3. References • NETHERLANDS 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Political/Governmental Authorities and Advisory Bodies 2.2. Technological Top Institutes (TTIs) or Leading Technological Institutes (LTIs) 2.3. Top Consortia for Knowledge and Innovation (TKI) 2.4. Advanced Chemical Technologies for Sustainability (ACTS) 2.5. TechnoPartner Programme 2.6. Technology Foundation 2.7. Innovation-Oriented Research Programme (IOP) 2.8. National Genomics Initiative (NGI) 3. References • FINLAND 1. Introduction 1.1. Ministry of Economic Affairs & Employment (MEE) 1.2. Ministry of Education & Culture (MEC) 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Research and Innovation Council (RIC) 2.2. Business Finland 2.3. Academy of Finland 2.4. Vigo Accelerator Programme 3. References • AUSTRALIA 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Cooperative Research Centres 2.2. Industry Growth Centres Initiative 2.3. ARC Linkage Project 2.4. ARC Industrial Transformation Research Programme (ARC-ITRP) 2.5. ARC Centres of Excellence 2.6. Rural Research Development Corporations 2.7. Entrepreneurs’ Programme 2.8. State Initiatives 3. References • INDIA 1. Introduction 2. PPP Programmes/Schemes of Public Sector 2.1. Ministry of Science and Technology 2.2. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) 2.3. Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (M/oMSME) 2.4. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare (MAFW) 2.5. Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (MoCF) 2.6. Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MCI) 2.7. Ministry of Communications (MoC) 2.8. Ministry of Defence (MoD) 2.9. Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) 2.10. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MHFW) 2.11. Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises (MoHIPE) 2.12. Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) 2.13. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) 2.14. Ministry of Textiles (MoT) 3. PPP Programmes/Schemes of Industry Associations 3.1. Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) 3.2. Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) 3.3. National Associations of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) 3.4. PHD Chambers of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) 4. References • JAPAN 1. Introduction 1.1. Highlights of the Japanese STI System 1.2. Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Adaptable and Seamless Technology Transfer Programme through Target-Driven R&D (A-STEP Programme) 2.2. Collaborative Research Based on Industrial Demand 2.3. Strategic Promotion of Innovative Research and Development (S-Innovation) 2.4. Development of Advanced Measurement and Analysis Systems 2.5. Center of Innovation (COI) Programme 2.6. Research Complex Programme 2.7. Super Cluster Programme 2.8. Project for Creating Start-ups from Advanced Research and Technology (START) 3. References • SOUTH KOREA 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Korea Small Business Innovation Research (KOSBIR) Programme 2.2. Industrial Complex Cluster Programme (ICCP) 2.3. Accelerator Investment-Driven Tech Incubator Programme for Start-up/Tech Incubator Programme for Start-ups (TIPS) 2.4. Centres of Excellence 3. References • CHINA 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Torch Programme 2.2. Blue Flame Programme 2.3. Spark Programme 2.4. Science and Technology for Wellbeing Programme 3. References • SINGAPORE 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) 2.2. National Research Foundation 3. References • TAIWAN 1. Introduction 2. Programmes/Schemes/Organizations 2.1. Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) 2.2. Ministry of Economy Affairs (MOEA) 2.3. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Programme 3. References – 3. Government Mediated R&D Incentivization of Private Sector of Select Countries 1. Introduction 2. R&D Tax Incentivization 3. References – 4. Suggestive Roadmap – Strengthening R&D Ecosystem through PPP 1. Designing Legislative Framework 1.1. Laying Acts/Laws/Policies to Promote Industry- Academia Collaborations 2. Strategizing Administrative Blueprint 2.1. Establishing National Industry-Academia Centre (NIAC) 2.2. Creation of Industry-Academia Bodies in the Ministries of GoI 3. Fostering PPP In R&D 3.1. Introduction of Schemes Dedicated to Each Stage of Innovation 3.2. Validation of Technological Potential of Scientific Research 3.3. Promoting Bi-Partite and Tri-partite Modes of Collaborations 3.4. Fast-Track R&D Fund for Assistance to Micro-Industries 3.5. Innovation/Technology Hubs for MSMEs 3.6. Introduction of Super Cluster Programme for Risky and/or High End Innovations 3.7. Introducing Innovation Support for Rural Industries 3.8. Orienting S&T for the Wellbeing of Rural Society 3.9. Creation of Industry Specific Academia Web-Portal 4. Stimulating Industry-Academia Ecosystem in HEIs 4.1. Setting Up Industry-Academia Board in UGC 4.2. Instituting UGC Industry-Academia Fund 4.3. Establishing Industry-Academia Chairs 4.4. Mobility of Scientists/Researchers/Students from Universities to Industries and vice versa 4.5. Creation of Academic Clusters for Solving Industry-Research Problems 4.6. Establishment of Value Creation Centres in Universities 4.7. Funds for Industry-Academia Outreach Programmes 4.8. Incentivization of Universities and Scientists Excelling in University-Industry Linkages 4.9. Permitting University Faculty to be on Boards of Companies 4.10. Linking Academic Institutes with Industries and Other Stakeholders 4.11. Creation of Theme Based Innovation Centres 4.12. Establish Theme Based HEIs/Research Institutes under PPP Mode 4.13. Dedicated R&D Funds for State Universities 4.14. Allocation of ‘Research-Building Funds’ for HEIs 4.15. Reforms in Promotion Criteria 4.16. External Evaluation/Auditing of Universities/Projects 4.17. Development of a Holistic Industry-Academia Ecosystem in the HEIs of India – 5. Remodelling National Research Laboratories (NRLs) for Enhancing PPP In R&D 5.1. Catapult Centres 5.2. Fraunhofer Model 6. Stimulating Private Sector’s R&D Ecosystem 6.1. Incentivization of Private Sector for Enhanced R&D Investment 6.2. Introduce Innovation Vouchers/Cheques 6.3. Create ‘Industry Research and Development Group’ (IRDG) 6.4. Others 7. Invigorating Entrepreneurial Ecosystem 7.1. Entrepreneurship Cell 7.2. Ideation/Germination Centres 7.3. Facilitating Growth of Research Parks and Technology Business Incubators 7.4. Hub and Spoke Model for Enhancing Entrepreneurial Culture 7.5. Encourage Entrepreneurship amongst University Faculty 7.6. Introduce Courses on Entrepreneurship in Colleges and Universities 8. Promoting IP Ecosystem 8.1. Allocation of a Dedicated IP Fund within Universities 8.2. Creation of an Indian Patent Trust System (PTS) 8.3. Establishing ‘IPR Academies’ in Universities 8.4. Introduce ‘Patent-Insurance Scheme’ 8.5. Institutional IPR Policy 8.6. Incentivize Institutions Excelling in IP – Subject Index.

Series No
Title Public-Private Partnerships in R&D… A Global Perspective
Author's Name Rupinder Tewari, Mansimran Khokhar & Radhika Trikha
Publisher Studium Press (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Page No. 574 + xxxviii
Year Of Publication 2020
ISBN 10 No
ISBN 13 978-93-85046-68-1
Book size width -
book size(hei) -
Edition 1st
Book Size(len) -
Binding type Hard bound
About The Book World over, the pundits of policy making recognize Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) as the key elements for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), established by the United Nations. Academia, industry and the government are three major pillars that make the foundation of a robust STI ecosystem. Academic sector is not only the breadbasket of fundamental research but also contributes immensely to early stage of translational research, i.e. development of proof-of-concept. However, subsequent product/process development and 'scale-up stage' necessitates industrial handholding. This connect between academia and industry turns out to be beneficial for the latter as well, allowing them to acquire innovative products/processes and that too at affordable costs. Besides, the academia also serves to resolve the R&D issues of the industrial sector, especially MSMEs which are financially starved. The government through its various R&D funding schemes and initiatives plays a crucial role in further augmenting research and innovation of public and private sectors. While all the three stakeholders strive towards generating innovations, their un-chaperoned efforts cannot attain what their partnership can. Therefore, it is imperative for all the stakeholders to shed in silo approach and adopt in system approach. Developed nations have accepted this fact and adopted Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) as an effective tool for generation of novel innovations. Developing countries, like India, are slowly graduating in this direction but have a long road ahead to mature into a well-established ecosystem of PPP in R&D. The book entitled, 'Public-Private Partnerships in R&D... A Global Perspective', presents an overview of the schemes/programmes of eighteen countries including USA, Canada, Germany, UK, Israel, Japan, S. Korea, China, India, Singapore, Taiwan, Finland, etc. The book illustrates various aspects of innovation policies/programmes/schemes, which can be categorized as bipartite partnerships (Industry-Academia; Government-Industry; Government-Academia) and tripartite partnership (Government-Industry-Academia). Some of the highly acclaimed programmes, e.g. Catapult Centres of UK and Fraunhofer Institutes of Germany have been discussed at length for the promotion of mission oriented R&D and contractual research respectively. Initiatives in the book encompass setting up of Industry-Academia Research Centres, Industrial Laboratories in the Academic Sector, Positioning Moderators between Industry & Academia, Innovation Clusters, Innovation Vouchers, Gap-Funding Programmes, SME R&D Assistance Programmes, R&D Tax Incentives, Technology Portals, and so on. The book also incorporates a 'Suggestive Roadmap for Strengthening R&D Ecosystem through PPP' especially for developing countries based on best practices from all over the world.

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