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first and foremost this book was conceived as a blueprint document towards uncovering conceptual challenges associated with Cochliobolus species that could allow for designing and redefining an effective strategy for Cochliobolus disease management. Cochliobolus alone incarnates a global challenge be it in understanding their complex taxonomic placement and virulence differentiation since the 18th century till date. Preceding the publication of “temperature–dependent secretome weaponries of C. lunatus” and “the paradigm–shift in host–range dynamics of C. lunatus” (Louis B et al., BMC Genomics 15:213. Louis et al., Biomed Research International, Vol 2014, Article ID 378372:9), it became evident that Cochliobolus species have varied inherent survival traits. The most persuasive goal of this book is to provide insights into the adaptative traits, pathogenicity and clues that may lead to the effective management of Cochliobolus diseases in economic important crops such as sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), wheat (Triticum aestivum), rice (Oryza sativa L.), and maize (Zea mays) and also humans. New information in the literature was deligently digested and pertinently incorporated in this book. Because of the devastating environmental effects of Cochliobolus species, current themes suitable for undergraduate and researchers are assembled in this book. High quality color graphics and plant diseases all come alive in this first edition. The authors are indebted to many colleagues who provided permission for high definition images for pathogens and disease symptoms or current plant pathology concepts. Their names are provided at the legend(s) of the figures they provided. The authors are grateful to Dr. L. Bengyella for the tremendous work done in assembly and editing the book. It is hoped by the editors that this book in its colorful form would inspire students to venture into mycological–related science and embark in Cochliobolus biology which is still an enigma and understudied. In this first edition focusing only on Cochliobolus species, healthy criticism and suggestions for further improvement are welcome.
- Table Of Content
Title Pathogenicity of Cochiliobolus Species in Post Genomic Era Table of Content Forward – About the Editors – Preface – 1. New Insights into the Taxonomic Placement of – Bipolaris- Cochliobolus-Curvularia Complex in Post– Genomics Era 1.0 Introduction – 2.1 Morphological description of Cochliobolus – 2.2 Morphological description of Bipolaris – 2.3 Morphological description of Curvularia – 3.0 Morphology versus molecular data: Insights into the – Bipolaris-cochliobolus-curvularia complex 4.0 Description of Curvularia species – 4.1 Curvularia australis – 4.2 Curvularia ryleyi – 4.3 Curvularia subpapendorfii – 4.4 Curvularia neergaardii – 4.5 Curvulariabuchloës – 4.6 Curvularia cymbopogonis – 4.7 Curvularia hawaiiensis – 4.8 Curvularia nodulosa – 4.9 Curvularia nicotiae – 4.10 Curvularia neoindica – 5. Description of species in Bipolaris – 5.1 Bipolaris bicolor – 5.2 Bipolaris triticicola – 5.3 Bipolaris obclavata – 5.4 Bipolaris zeae – 5.5 Bipolaris microstegii – 5.6 Bipolaris clavata – Table of Content Pathogenicity of Cochliobolus Species in Post Genomic Era xii 5.7 Bipolaris maydis – 5.8 Bipolaris oryzae – 5.9 Bipolaris drechsleri – 5.10 Bipolaris victoriae – 6.0 Outlook on Bipolaris-curvularia-cochliobolus complex – 2. Insights into Cochliobolus lunatus Disease – 1.0 Introduction – 2.0 Lessons learned from post–genomic era: C. Lunatus – have evolved adaptive traits for surviving in adverse conditions 3.0 Cochliobolus lunatus: a human pathogen and – challenges in treatment 3.1 Cochliobolus emerging resistance – 4.0 Cochliobolus lunatus: a destructive plant pathogen – 5.0 Proteomics era reveals C. lunatus hijacks vital – physiological processes of host during infection 6.0 Cochliobolus lunatus adopts diverse colonization – strategies to enhance virulence on plant hosts 7.0 Outlook on profile of Cochliobolus lunatus diseases – 3. Current Cochliobolus Metabolites Involved in Plant – Disease Development in Post Genomic Era 1.0 Introduction – 2.0 Major host specific toxins produced by Cochliobolus sp. – 2.1 T-toxin – 2.2 HC-Toxin – 2.3 Victorin – 2.4 Structure of the major form of Cochliobolus toxins – 2.5 Toxin biosynthesis of Cochliobolus species – 2.5.1 Biosynthesis of T-Toxin – 2.5.2 Biosynthesis of HC-toxin – 2.5.3 Biosynthesis of victorin – 2.6 Mode of action of Cochliobolus species – 2.6.1 Mode of action of HC-toxin – 2.6.2 Mode of action of T-toxin – 2.6.3 Mode of action of victorin – 3.0 Some novel metabolites and toxins produced by – Cochliobolus species having medicinal importance 4.0 Mycotoxin production by Cochliobolus species – xiii Paradigm Host-range Evolution of Cochliobolus lunatus... 5.0 Cochliobolus proteinaceous ChToxA HSTs – 6.0 Outlook on current Cochliobolus invasive metabolites – 4. Accurate Virulence Test Method for Cochliobolus – Heterostrophus Wild–type and Mutant Strains in the Post–Genomic Era 1.0 Introduction – 2.0 Materials and methods – 2.1 Strains – 2.2 Culture conditions – 2.3 Maize plant growth conditions – 2.4 Virulence assays – 2.5 Analysis of the virulence assay results – 3.0 Results – 3.1 G–Protein and MAPK mutants’ ability to infect maize – plants leaves 3.2 Adjustment of the intact leaves virulence assay conditions – 3.3 Virulence assays for C. heterostrophus G–protein – signalling disrupted strains 4.0 Discussion – 5.0 Outlook on virulence test for Cochliobolus species – 5. Paradigm Host-range Evolution of Cochliobolus – lunatus in Post-genomic Era 1.0 Introduction – 2.0 Material and method – 2.1 Study area and sampling – 2.2 Host range diversity – 3.0 Results and discussion – 3.1 Identification of C. lunatus strains causing foliar – necrosis of potato 3.2 Evolving host-range in post genomic era – 3.3 Outlook on evolving host range of Cochliobolus lunatus – 6. Comparative Analysis of Pathogenicity-related – Proteins of Cochliobolus–plant Interactions in Post-genomic Era 1.0 Introduction – 2.0 Pathogenicity-related proteins of Cochliobolus – 2.1 Small secreted proteins (SSPs) of Cochliobolus species – Pathogenicity of Cochliobolus Species in Post Genomic Era xiv 2.2 Effector-like secreted proteins of Cochliobolus species – 2.3 Carbohydrate-active enzymes of Cochliobolus – 2.4 Non-ribosomal peptide synthetases and polyketide – synthases of Cochliobolus species 2.5 Small, cysteine-rich peptides proteins – 3.0 Outlook on pathogenicity-related proteins of Cochliobolus – 7. First Secretome Analysis of Cochliobolus lunatus – Interacting with Potato Leaf in the Liquid Phase at Different Temperature Regimes Reveal a CL[xxxx] LHM – Motif 1.0 Introduction – 2.0 Material and methods – 2.1 Plant growth and microorganism culturing conditions – 2.2 Biomass, pH variations and harvest of secreted proteins – 2.3 Test for leaf invasion in the liquid phase – 2.4 Data analysis – 2.5 Two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-D) – 2.6 Image processing and data analysis – 2.7 Protein digestion and mass spectrometry – 2.8 In silico characterization of secretome and de novo – motifsearches 2.9 RNA isolation and gene expression analysis of candidate – effectors 3.0 Results – 3.1 C. lunatus produced large biomass and modified the – ambient pH 3.2 C. lunatus invaded potato leaf in the liquid phase – 3.3 C. lunatus produced diverse repertoire of secretomes – 3.4 C. lunatus used both classical and non-classical – secretory pathways 3.5 C. lunatus secretomes on potato leaf contained a – CLxxxxLHM-motif 3.6 Expression profiling of genes encoding secreted – candidate effector proteins 4.0 Discussion – 5.0 Overview on secretome weaponries of Cochliobolus – lunatus Subject Index Page No. 250 Author's Name Louis Bengyella and Sayanika Devi Waikhom Publisher Studium Press LLC, USA Year Of Publication 2017 ISBN 10 1-62699-075-1 ISBN 13 No About The Book No Binding type No Book Size(len) No Series No book size(hei) 9 Book size width 6 Edition 1st
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