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Productivity of horticultural crops in India is relatively low compared to other countries. Of the several factors responsible for lower productivity of horticultural crops, plant parasitic nematodes are considered as important limiting factors. Some nematode problems (root-knot and reniform nematodes on vegetables. burrowing nematode on banana, plantation and spice crops. and cyst nematodes on potato and cowpea) are of national importance which causes significant losses to horticultural crops. Estimated annual yield loss of the world's major horticultural crops due to damage by nematodes is 13.54%. Monetary losses due to nematodes on 10 horticultural crops, six of which are life sustaining, were estimated at US$ 19.37 billion annually based on 1984 production figures and prices. Considering the limitations of chemical control of plant nematodes, there has been a growing awareness to develop biological control measures which brings about a reasonably good degree of reduction in nematode population and at the same time ensure sustainability of production, cost effectiveness and healthy environment. Commercial scale production of biopesticides for the biological control of plant nematodes in the recent past has been quite intense. Several package of practices have been developed nationally and internationally for nematode management using commercially available bio-inputs especially microorganisms. The efforts aimed at increasing the naturally occurring biotic agents against the nematodes, both quantitatively and qualitatively can be termed as biological control. The information on biomanagement of nematode pests in horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables, plantation, spice, tuber, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic crops) is very much scattered. There is no book at present which comprehensively and exclusively deals with the above aspects on horticultural crops. The present book deals with management of nematode pests in horticultural crops in detail using biological (antagonistic bacteria, antagonistic fungi and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi) and integrated methods (bioagents, botanicals, nematicides, cultural and chemical methods). The book is extensively illustrated with excellent quality photographs enhancing the quality of publication. The book is written in lucid style, easy to understand language along with adoptable recommendations involving eco-friendly components.
- Table Of Content
Title Handbook of Biological Control in Horticultural Crops Vol 3, Biomanagement of Nematode Pests Table of Content Preface Section I Principles of Biomanagement: Introduction, Biological Control, Nematode Suppressive Soils, Biological Control Agents, Nematophagous Fungi, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Antagonistic Bacteria, Predaceous Nematodes, Viruses, Rickettsia, Protozoans, Entomopathogenic Nematodes, Tardigrades, Turbellarians, Enchytracids, Mites, Collembolans, Earthworms. Antagonistic Bacteria, Antagonistic Bacteria, Bacillus Licheniformis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus subtilis, Azotobacter chroococcum, Pasteuria Penetrans, Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas chitinolytica, Isolation of Rhizobacteria, Identification of Rhizobacteria, Seed Bacterization with Rhizobacteria, Efficacy of Rhizobacteria on Nematodes in vitro, Enumeration of Rhizobacteria, Formulation of alginated Pellets of Biocontrol Agents, Producntion of Bioagents colonized Seedlings. Actinomycetes, Mode of Action, Isolation of Streptomyces avermitilis form Rhizosphere Soil of Crops, Production of Melanin Pigments by the Isolates, Preparation of Crude Avermectins, Identification of Streptomyces avermitilis, Mass Culturing of Streptomyces avermitilis, Distinguishing Characteristics of Streptomyces avermitilis, Management of Nematodes. Nematophagous Fungi Nematode-Trapping Fungi, Endoparasitic Fungi, Egg-and Female-Parasitic Fungi, Toxin-Producing Fungi, Conservation of Nematophagous Fungi, Isolation of Nematophagous Fungi, Formulation of Nematophagous Fungi, Use of Cover Crops for Enhancement of Nematophagous Fungi, Taxonomic Position of Nematophagous fungi. Oppoutunistic Fungi, Trichoderma spp, Paecilomyces lilacinus, Pochonia chlamydosporia, Trichnoderma Harzianum + Paecilomyces lilacinus, Enrichment of FYM with Bioagents, Seed Biopriming/ Solid Matrix Priming, Compatibility of Fungicides with Fungal Biological Control Agents, Compatibility of Bioagents with Inorganic Ferilizers, Formulation of alginated Pellets of Biocontrol Agents, Production of Bioagent colonized Seedings, Biomanagement of Nematodes. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Attributes of AMF, Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Method of Inoculation, Assessment of AMF Colonization in roots, Modes of Action of AMF. Predatory Nematodes, Attributes of Predatory Nematodes, Biological Control Potentials, Biocontrol Potential of Mononchs, Biocontrol Potential of Dorylaim and Nygolaim Predators, Biocontrol Potential of Diplogasterid Predators. Entomopathogenic Nematodes, Mass Production of Entomopathogenic Nematodes, Formulation, Adjuvants, Chemical Stimulation, Application Technology, Biocontrol of Nematodes. Presercation of Biocontrol Agents, Use of Refrigerator or Cold Room Storage, Overlaying Cultures in the Mineral Oil (Paraffin Method), Preservation at-40°C in Glycerol, Freeze-drying Method, Liquid Nitrogen Method (Storage at Low Temperature). Integrated Nematode Management Components/Tools of INM, Prevention, Monitoring/Observation/Regulation, Intervention, Integrated Nematode Management Methods, Bio-agents and Botanicals, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Botanicals, Bio-agents and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi, Bio-agents, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Botanicals, Bio-agents and Chemicals, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi and Chemicals, Two or more Bio-agents, Bioagents and Physical Methods, Bioagents, Botanicals and Physical Methods, Bioagents, Botanicals and Physical Methods, Bioagents, Botanicals and Chemicals, Bioagents., Botanicals and Cultural Methods, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Cultural Methods, Integrated Management of Disease Complexes in Horticultural Crops, Biointensive Integrated Nematode Management, Proactive Options, Reactive Options, Conclusions. Section-II Biomanagement of Nematodes in Horticultural Crops. Horticultural Crops, Importance of Horticultural Crops, Export of Horticultural Produce, The Role of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Horticultural Crops, Nematode Management Options. Fruit Crops, Tropical Fruit Crops, Banana, Citrus, Papaya, Pineapple, Strawberry, Mulberry, Sub-Tropical Fruit Crops, Grapevine, Gauva, Temperate Fruit Crops, Peach. Vegetable Crops, Solanaceous Vegetable Crops, Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, Bell Pepper, Leguminous Vegetable, Crops, Pea, French Bean, Cowpea, Cluster Bean, Pigeonpea, Cruciferous Vegetable Crops, Cabbage and Cauliflower, Cucurbitaceous Vegetable Crops, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Water Melon, Musk Melon, Pointed Gourd, Luffa aegyptica, Gherking, Malvaceous Vegetable Crops, Okra, Bulbous Vegetable Crops, Okra, Bulbous Vegetable Crops, Onion and Garlic, Root Vegetable Crops, Carrot, Beet Root, Leafy Vegetable Crops, Lettuce, Amaranthus, Mushrooms. Ornamental, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, Ornamental Crops, Rose, Carnation and Gerbera, Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, Tuberose, Crossandra, Medicinal Plants, Ashwagandha, Sarpagandha, Coleus, Kacholam, Chinese Potato, Henbane, Brahmi, Aromatic Crops, Mints, Jasmine, Patchouli, Davana, Chamomile. Plantation, Spice and Tuber Crops, Plantation Crops, Coconut, Areca Nut, Betel Vine, Spice Crops, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Ginger, Turmeric, Coriander, Methi, Tuber Crops, Yam, Sweet Potato. Sources of Critical Inputs for Biomanagement, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Antagonistic Fungi, Antagonistic Bacteria, Combination Products of Biocontrol Agents, References, Subject Index Page No. 355 Author's Name P Parvatha Reddy Publisher Studium Press LLC Year Of Publication 2011 ISBN 10 1-933699-79-5 ISBN 13 No About The Book No Binding type No Book Size(len) No Series No book size(hei) 10 Book size width 7.4 Edition 1st
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