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Handbook of Biological Control in Horticultural Crops Vol 2, Biomanagement of Dieases

Author Name : P Parvatha Reddy


  • Publisher : Studium Press LLC
  • Edition : 1st
  • ISBN 10 : 1-933699-78-7
  • Page no : 353
  • Publication Year : 2011

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Productivity of horticultural crops in India is relatively low compared to other countries. Of the several factors responsible for lower productivity of horticultural crops, fungal, bacterial and viral/phytoplasma diseases are considered as important limiting factors. Some disease problems (bunchy top and Panama disease on banana, guava wilt, bacterial blight of pomegranate, bacterial wilt in Solanaceous vegetables, viral diseases of vegetable and fruit crops) are of national importance which causes significant losses to horticultural crops. Diseases of horticultural crops continue to cause losses of about 10% of the crop yields worth more than Rs. 15,000 crores annually. More than 9,600 MT of technical grade fungicides are used annually to manage the diseases in India. Considering the limitations of chemical control of plant diseases, there has been a growing awareness to develop biological control measures which brings about a reasonably good degree of disease reduction and at the same time ensure sustainability of production, cost effectiveness and healthy environment. Commercial scale production of biopesticides for the biological control of diseases in the recent past has been quite intense. Several package of practices have been developed nationally and internationally for disease management using commercially available bio-inputs especially microorganisms. The efforts aimed at increasing the naturally occurring biotic agents against the diseases, both quantitatively and qualitatively can be termed as biological control. The information on biomanagement of diseases (fungal, bacterial and viral/phytoplasma) of horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables, plantation, spice, tuber, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic crops) is very much scattered. There is no book at present which comprehensively and exclusively deals with the above aspects on horticultural crops. The present book deals with management of diseases in horticultural crops in detail using biological (antagonistic bacteria, antagonistic fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi) and integrated methods (bioagents, botanicals, fungicides, cultural and physical methods). The book is extensively illustrated with excellent quality photographs enhancing the quality of publication. The book is written in lucid style, easy to understand language along with adoptable recommendations involving eco-friendly components of IDM.
Title Handbook of Biological Control in Horticultural Crops Vol 2, Biomanagement of Dieases
Table of Content Preface Section I principles of Biomanagement: Introduction, Definitions, Types of Biological Control, Importation Biological Control, Augmentation Biological Control, Conservation Biological Control, Attributes of Biocontrol Agents, Disease-suppressive Soils, Biological Control Agents, Antagonistic Bacteria, Antagonistic Fungi, Insects and Mites, Commercial Use of Biological Control, The Future of Pathogen Control. Antagonistic Bacteria, Isolation of Rhizobacteria, Idetification of Rhizobacteria, Mass Production of Rhizobacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus subtilis, Seed bacterization with Rhizobacteria, Formulation of Rhizobacteria, Enumeration of Rhizobacteria, Extension of Shelf Life. Antagonistic Fungi Trichoderma and Gliocladium spp. Sporidesmium sclerotivorum, Coniothyrium minitans, Pythium oligandrum, Talaromyces flavus, Ampelomyces quisqualis, Fusarium spp. Aspergillus spp. Yeasts, Commercial Formulations of Antagonistic Fungi. Mass Production of Antagonistic Fungi, Isolation from Soil, Mass production, Small Scale, Large Scale, Strain Improvement, Selection, Mutation, Protoplast Fusion, Genetic Engineering, Formulation, Formulation of Alginated Pellets of Biocontrol Agents, Development of Mixed Formulations of Biocontrol Agents, Enrichment of FYM with Trichoderma harzianum, Shelf Life, Commercialization of Biopesticides, Biosafety, Management of Diseases. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Taxonomy of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi, Attributes of AMF, Mass Production of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Method of Inoculation, Assessment of AMF Colonization in roots, Mode of Action of AMF, Management of Diseases. Modes of Action Direct Modes of Action, Competition, Antibiotic Production, Mycoparasitism, Indirect Modes of Action, Cross Protection and Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR), Plant Growth Promotion, Rhizosphere Competence, Solubilization and Sequestration of Inorganic Plant Nutrients, Inactivation of Pathogens Enzymes, Metabolism of Germination Stimulants. Application Methods, Methods of Application, Seed Treatment with Antagonists, Seed Biopriming, Nursery Bed Treatment, Seeding Bare Root Dip Treatment, Treatment of the Substrates (Coir pith, Soil, etc.), Soil treatment in the Main Field, Foliar Application, Production of Bioagent Colonized Seedings, Factors Affecting the Field Efficacy, Increasing the Efficiency of Biocontrol Agents, Compatibility with Fungicides, Areas Requiring Attention of Scientists and Policy Makers with Respect to Biological Control. Preservation of Biocontrol Agents Use of Refrigerator or Cold Room Storage, Overlaying Cultures in the Mineral Oil (Paraffin Method), Preservation at-40°C in Glycerol, Freeze-drying Method, Liquid Nitrogen Method (Storage at Low Temperature) Section-II Biomanagement of Disease in Horticultural Crops. Horticultural Crops Importance of Horticultural Crops, Export of Horticultural Produce, Disease Scenario in Horticultural Crops, Fruit Crops, Vegetable Crops. Fruit Crops Banana, Citrus, Sapota, Papaya, Pineapple, Strawberry, Mulberry, Avocado, Mango, Grapevine, Gauva, Apple, Peach and Plum, Pear Almond, Chestnut, Ber, Amla. Vegetable Crops Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli and Bell Pepper, Onion and Garlic, Okra, Cabbage and Cauliflower, Pea, French Bean, Cowpea, Pigeonpea, Cluster Bean, Lettuce, Asparagus, Celery, Pumpking, Cucumber, Watermelon, Musk Melon, Bitter Gourd, Bottle Gourd, Pointed Gourd, Radish, Beet Root, Carrot. Ornamental Crops Rose, Carnation, Gerbera, Chrysantehmum, Gladiolus, Tuberose, Crossandra, Narcissus, Zinnia, Begonia, Anthurium. Medicinal, Aromatic and Tuber Crops Medicinal Crops, Solanum, Periwinkle, Isabgol, Aswagandha, Opium Poppy, Sarpagandha, Aloe vera, Babchi, Coleus, Aromatic Crops, Basil, Scented Geranium, Patchouli, Tuber Crops, Yam, Sweet Potato, Cassava (Tapioca), Colocasia, Elephant Foot Yam. Plantation Crops Coffee, Tea, Coconut, Arecanut, Betel Vine, Oil Palm, Cocoa, Rubber. Spice Crops Black Pepper, Cardamom, Ginger, Turmeric, Vanilla, Coriander, Fenugreek, Cumin, Mustard. Sources of Critical Inputs for Biomanagement of Diseases Antagonistic Fungi, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Bacterial Antagonists, Combination Products of Biocontrol Agents, References, Subject Index
Page No. 353
Author's Name P Parvatha Reddy
Publisher Studium Press LLC
Year Of Publication 2011
ISBN 10 1-933699-78-7
ISBN 13 No
About The Book No
Binding type No
Book Size(len) No
Series No
book size(hei) 10
Book size width 7.4
Edition 1st

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