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Productivity of horticultural crops in India is relatively low compared to other countries. Of the several factors responsible for lower productivity of horticultural crops, pests (insect and mite pests) are considered as important limiting factors. Some pest problems (coconut mite, spiralling whitefly on fruit crops, coffee berry borer, diamond back moth on crucifers, serpentine leaf miners on several crops, fruit flies in fruits and cucurbits) are of national importance which causes significant losses to horticultural crops. The annual losses due to pests to all the crops in India was estimated at Rs.60,000 million in 1983, which at today's prices could exceed Rs.200,000 million. The excessive dependence on chemical pesticides leads to development of resistance in pests (insects, mites, nematodes and diseases), outbreak of secondary pests, toxicity towards natural enemies and occurrence of pesticide residues in food chain. Considering these limitations, there has been a growing awareness to develop biological control measures which brings about a reasonably good degree of pest reduction and at the same time ensure sustainability of production, cost effectiveness and healthy environment. Commercial scale production of biopesticides for the biological control of pests in the recent past has been quite intense. Several package of practices have been developed nationally and internationally for pest management using commercially available bio-inputs especially microorganisms. The efforts aimed at increasing the naturally occurring biotic agents against the pests, both quantitatively and qualitatively can be termed as biological control. The information on biomanagement of pests (insect and mite pests) in horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables, plantation, spice, tuber, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic crops) is very much scattered. There is no book at present which comprehensively and exclusively deals with the above aspects on horticultural crops. The present book deals with management of pests in horticultural crops in detail using biological (predators, parasitoids and pathogens-fungi, bacteria and viruses) and integrated methods (bioagents, botanicals, insecticides). The book is extensively illustrated with excellent quality photographs enhancing the quality of publication. The book is written in lucid style, easy to understand language along with adoptable recommendations involving eco-friendly components of IPM.
- Table Of Content
Title Handbook of Biological Control in Horticultural Crops Vol 1 , Biomanagement of Pests Table of Content Preface Section-I Principles of Biomanagement: Introduction, Advantages of Biocontrol Agents, Types of Biological Control, Classical Biological Control. Conservative Biological Control, Augmentative Biological Control, Potential Biological Control Agents, Predators, Parasitoids, Pathogens, Increasing the Efficiency of Biocontrol Agents. Predators Coccinellids (Conccinellidae), Chrysopids (Chrysopidae), Ground Beetles (Carabidae) and Rove Beetles (Staphylinidae), Syrphid, flower, or Hover Flies (Syrphidae), Anthocorids (Anthocoridae), TrueBugs (Hemiptera), Praying Mantids (Mantidae), Predatory Mites (Phytoseiidae), Thrips predators (Thripidae). Parasitoids, Trichogrammatids (Trichogrammatidae), Braconids (Braconidae) Scelionids (Scelonidae), Eulophids (Eulophidae), Ichneumonids (Ichneumonidae), Aphelinids (Aphelinidae), Encyrtids (Encyrtidae). Pathogens Bacteria, Fungi, Viruses, Enotmopathogenic Nematodes. Mass Multiplication of Pathogens Viruses, NPV of Spodoptera Litura, NPV of Helicoverpa armigera, Baculovirus, Baculovirus (Rhabdionvirus) oryctes, Bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus popilliae, Fungi, Metarrhizium Anisopliae, Verticillium lecanii, Nomurea rileyi. Mass Multiplication of Pathogens Viruses, NPV of Spodoptera Litura, NPV of Helicoverpa armigera, Baculovirus, Baculovirus (Rhabdionvirus) oryctes, Bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus popilliae, Fungi, Metarrhizium anisopliae, Verticillium lecanii, Nomurea rileyi. Mass Multiplication of Parasitoids Trichogrammatids, Scelionids, Ichneumonids, Tachinids, Encyrtids, Braconids, Aphelinids, Eulopids, Platygasterids. Mass Multiplication of Predators Coccinellids, Chrysopids, Mites. Mass Production of Entomopathogenic Nematodes In viva Production, In vitro Production, Formulation Adjuvants, Application Technology Section-II Biomanagement of Pests in Horticultural Crops. Horticultural Crops Importance of Horticultural Crops, Export of Horticultural Produce, Pest Scenario in Horticultural Crops, Fruit Crops, Vegetable Crops, Ornamental Crops. Fruit Crops Banana, Citrus, Sapota, Papaya, Pineapple, Mulberry, Persimmon, Mango, Grapevine, Gauva, Litchi, Apple, Peach & Plum, Pomegranate, Ber, Custard Apple, Phalsa, Fig, Date Palm. Vegetable Crops Potato, Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli and Bell Pepper, Onion and Garlic, Okra, Cabbage and Cauliflower, Knol-Knol, Pea, French Bean, Cowpea, Pigeonpea, Cluster Bean, Field Bean, Amaranthus, Lettuce, Drumstick, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Bitter Gourd, Bottle Gourd, Snake Gourd, Musk Melon, Chow Chow, Radish, Carrot, Beet Root, Mushrooms. Ornamental, Medicinal, Aromatic and Tuber Crops Ornamental Crops, Rose, Gerbera, Chrysanthemum, Gladiolus, Tuberose, Crossandra, Marigold, Croton, Orchids, Anthurium, Biomanagement of Flower Crop Pests under Protected Cultivation, Medicinal Crops, Coleus, Senna, Aromatic Crops, Jasmine, Scented Geranium, Tuber Crops, Yam, Sweet Potato, Cassava (Tapioca), Colocasia. Plantation and Spice Crops Plantation Crops, Coffee, Tea, Coconut, Areca Nut, Oil Palm, Cocoa, Cashew Nut, Rubber, Spice Crops, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Ginger, Turmeric, Cinnamon, Coriander, Clove, Fennel, Vanilla. Sources of Biological Control Agents Predators, Parasitoids, Pathogens, Entomopathogenic Fungi, Bacterial Biopesticides, Entomopathogenic Viruses, Entomopathogenic Nematodes, References, Subject Index. Page No. 357 Author's Name P Parvatha Reddy Publisher Studium Press LLC Year Of Publication 2011 ISBN 10 1-933699-77-9 ISBN 13 No About The Book No Binding type No Book Size(len) No Series No book size(hei) 10 Book size width 7.4 Edition 1st
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