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Energy Science and Technology 12 Vols. Set

Author Name : Ram Prasad, Sri Sivakumar, and Umesh Chandra Sharma, Exe. Ed. J N Govil


  • Publisher : Studium Press LLC
  • Edition : 1st
  • ISBN 10 : 1-62699-061-1
  • Page no : 7819
  • Publication Year : 2015

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  • Table Of Content
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The fact remains that, if the supply of energy failed, moderncivilization would come to an end as abruptly as does the musicof an organ deprived of wind.Frederick Soddy (1911)One can write pages after pages on significance of energy in various spheresof life in present world, but would it not be a better idea to look back intime when the British radiochemist Frederick Soddy, winner of 1921 Nobleprize in Chemistry, made the above remark on magnitude of energy inmodern civilization. During the early stages of 20th century, around 100 years back in time, thelife of average human was much simpler and peaceful than it is today.Automobiles had made their way into the market and were also gainingpopularity but they were not affordable to average citizens and so the citystreets were not jammed with heavy traffic of outnumbered vehicles. Electricitywas there but most homes were without electric connections. In joint familiesmembers used to sit together, listening to each other after dinner in absenceof television sets. Social ties among communities were strong. Telephone wasalso invented by this time, but people used to go to the library, to the park, tothe beach and to the other families in neighbourhood.In 1911 A.D., the year when Frederick Soddy made the above remarkon importance of energy to modern civilization, the world energy productionwas 60.71 Exajoules (EJ) (coal 31.63 EJ, crude oil 1.92 EJ, natural gas 0.54EJ, hydro 0.13 EJ and biomass/biofuels 26.49 EJ) while the world populationwas 1650 million (not in 1911 A.D., but in year 1900 A.D.) (Asia 947 million,Europe 408 million, Africa 133 million, North America 82 million, LatinAmerica 74 million and Oceania 6 million). Now when one century haspassed to those early days of current development race, the world energyproduction has reached to 552.50 EJ (2010 A.D.) including nuclear andrenewable electricity while the world population has escalated to 6896million (2010 A.D.). It is easy to imagine how miserable the life would be ifhuman civilization is deprived of energy needed to accomplish their tasks,be it at home or offices or in agricultural fields or industries.Now a few words on how the idea of preparing a multi-volume set on“Energy Science and Technology” get originated. In the beginning of year2012, one of the series editors (UCS) submitted a manuscript titled “Non-Conventional Sources of Energy” with the Studium Press LLC USA. Themanuscript was greatly appreciated by the reviewers and accepted forpublication in nearly no time. Delighted with the reviews andacknowledgement of the hard work of four long years involved in thepreparation of the manuscript, UCS prepared a draft proposal in November2012 for publication of multi-volume set on “Energy Science and Technology”after due consultation with Publishing Director and Managing Editor (JNG)of Studium Press LLC USA. The idea was to bring the best of authors andresearchers from across the globe to write on the subject of energy whichhas the far larger potential than any other branch of science and technologyto affect the shape of present and future world. The Studium Press LLCUSA expressed their consent to UCS in same month on the proposal topublish multi-volume set on “Energy Science and Technology”. The followingvolumes were framed in different disciplines covering all aspects ofinterdisciplinary approaches of “Energy Science and Technology”. Volume 1: Opportunities and Challenges Volume 2: Coal Energy Volume 3: Oil and Natural Gas Volume 4: Nuclear Energy Volume 5: Solar Engineering-I (Applications) Volume 6: Solar Engineering-II (Photovoltaics and Solar Cells) Volume 7: Bioenergy Volume 8: Wind Energy Volume 9: Geothermal and Ocean Energy Volume 10: Fuel Cells and Batteries Volume 11: Hydrogen and Other Technologies Volume 12: Energy Management JNG was given the key responsibility of inviting all the articles for theseries and managing the communication between the authors and editors.JNG has performed his share of liability in really an excellent way. Theresearch as well as review articles were invited from the leadingresearchers, practicing engineers and senior academicians from almostevery nation of the world. Quite naturally, more invitations were sent todeveloped nations like United States, China, Germany, Canada, Britain,France, Spain, etc. due to the large scale of research work being carriedout by researchers in these nations. Take my word for it: the response wasoverwhelming, much bigger than our own expectations. After carefulscrutiny of the proposed topics submitted by authors, final invitation lettersand author guidelines were sent to around 300 contributors. Several articlesat this stage were politely turned down due to many proposals received onsimilar topics. Maximum numbers of articles were received for Volume 7on Bioenergy. To keep the volume size at par with other volumes, somearticles were shifted to other volumes. Finally 266 articles were selectedfor inclusion in the series. RP and SSK joined UCS in October 2013 asseries editors to bring more experience and versatility on editor’s desk.Both RP and SSK are well-known names in academic fraternity in India.It is really a great honour for all of us to be associated with an academicwork of such a large scale as “Energy Science and Technology” as serieseditors. But this honour did not come without bundles of responsibilities tobe met in a given time schedule demanding long working hours andpainstaking efforts. Each individual article was thoroughly read by editorsthemselves. The errors were then communicated to the concerned authorsand corrections received from authors were incorporated in the chapters.The chapters were read again prior to final approval for publication. Serieseditors do not recall a single incidence in which we have reported somefalse errors in any article. Every time our learned authors agreed with usand felt dire need for correction at the suggested place. As editors of theseries, we wanted to have uniform presentation for the chapters in all 12volumes of the series. Ignorant of this fact, few of our authors were soadamant that they will change the entire format of their edited chapterswhen these were sent to them for corrections, while the repeated requestswere made to all our authors not to change the format of chapters. A few ofour authors submitted to us PDF files of their chapters which were not accessible to make any change for corrections or even formatting. They didnot oblige us by submitting a word file and ignored all requests made tothem in this regard. But that is all part of editor’s work and every one of ushas enjoyed to great extent his part of work.Volume 1 gives an introduction of the energy world along with chapterson current situation of world carbon dioxide emission, carbon sequestration,greenhouse effect, green energy, hydroelectric power and the scientometricstudy of the global energy research.Volume 2 covers chapters on coal energy such as coal resource geologyand reserve evaluation, coal resource modelling, reserve assessment andsurface mine planning, advances in drilling technology, deep coal mining,holistic approach towards coal washing, correlations for predictions of coalproperties, coal fired power plants, coal to liquid fuels, energy policymanagement and technology focus on coal energy and many more.Volume 3 includes chapters on crude oil and natural gas like analysis ofthe modern methods for enhanced oil recovery, microbial enhanced oilrecovery, ultra-deep oil reservoirs, advances in petroleum refining,upgrading and hydrotreatment of heavy oils, combustion technologies,reservoir formation damage, deterioration of solvent quality and foamingstudies in natural gas sweetening unit and several others.Volume 4 presents chapters on nuclear physics, nuclear energy, energyfrom thorium, equilibrium nuclear states for fission energy utilization,binding energies of nuclear matter, Monte Carlo code for proton therapy,fast reactor physics and computational methods, challenges in nuclearsafety, public safety management, nuclear wastes and their disposal, newexpectations of nuclear energy release from nuclear decays estimated viafully quantum approach and many more.Volume 5 is entirely devoted to solar engineering applications likeclassification of solar radiation estimation techniques, parabolic troughsolar technology, solar energy storage systems and technologies, solar chimneys, integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) power plants, solarupdraft power plants, active solar systems integrated in passive houses,heat transfer modelling of planetary rotary coolers, ecological criteria foroptimization of solar architecture and others.Volume 6 is more or less focussed on photovoltaics and solar cellsapplications of solar energy. The chapters pertaining to this volume addressissues related to photovoltaic system design, characterization ofphotovoltaic cells and modules, thermo-photovoltaic generators, stand alonephotovoltaic systems, grid connected solar power systems, electricity costsand economics of photovoltaic systems, techno-economic and environmentalmulti-objective design of photovoltaic systems with battery energy storage,types of solar cells, engineered nanomaterials and heterostructures for solarcell applications and many more.Volume 7 is devoted to bioenergy and includes chapters on biomass,bioenergy, biofuels, microbial, thermochemical and catalytic conversion ofbiomass into biofuels, biomass conversion technologies for countries withlow biomass production potential, biofuel production by lignolytic enzymes,bioethanol production from agro-industrial waste feedstock, biodieselproduction technologies and environmental consequences and severalothers.Volume 8 includes chapters on wind energy such as wind energy resource assessment methods, mathematical models used for the assessment of wind potential and their applications, accuracy check of wind speedmeasurements for wind energy study, wind turbine generators and theirselection, physics of fluids on stall delay of the rotating blade of horizontalaxis wind turbine, progress in Magnus type wind turbine theories, matrixconverters in wind energy systems and many more.Volume 9 incorporates chapters on geothermal and ocean energy liketechnology and status of geothermal energy, current trends and future options, exploration techniques of geothermal energy, geothermometry inexploration and exploitation of geothermal system, analysis of productivityperformance in geothermal wells, low enthalpy geothermal systems, geo- exchanger systems for underground heat extraction, modelling of geothermal heat pumps with vertical ground interfaces for use in heating,ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, wave and tidal energy,wave energy potential in enclosed seas and others on the subject.Volume 10 refers to fuel cells and batteries and includes chapters onmicro solid oxide fuel cell as portable power sources, polymer electrolytemembrane fuel cells and their applications in automobiles, membraneelectrode assemblies for low temperature fuel cells, advanced materialsand catalysts for fuel cells, cost comparison of different fuel cell systems,developments in secondary batteries, recent progress on metal oxides aselectrodes in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, power trains for gasoline-electric hybrid cars, supercapacitors and other novel chemical power sourcesand few others Volume 11 is concentrated on hydrogen and other energy technologiesnot covered in previous volumes. This volume contains chapters on hydrogenproduction from water via thermochemical cycles, hydrogen production fromagricultural and other wastes, nanostructured metal oxides andchalcogenides for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production, recentadvances in hydrogen production by dark fermentation technology,simulation and optimization of various hydrogen and synthesis gasproducing methods, techniques to shape porous materials for hydrogenstorage, bioenergy production from complex waste waters, biogasproduction, cogeneration, gas turbines and combined cycle gas turbines,pressurized circulating fluidized bed technology, small hydropower andothers.Volume 12 focuses on the energy management and includes chapterson energy management, energy management of hybrid systems based onmultiple renewable power sources and bioethanol, demand side response,multi objective congestion management, energy price risk management,dynamic cost model for the energy mix planning and the electrical gridmanagement, integrated economy-energy-environment modelling for policyanalysis, stand alone renewable energy systems for rural development,second generation biofuels, electromechanical energy conversion, energyoptimization in food processing, concept of boundaries of performance foranalysis of hybrid systems based on complementary energy resources,porous media combustion technology, magnetic refrigeration, energy conservation in household, commercial and industrial processes, buildingenergy consumption and low carbon technologies and many more.The chapters in these volumes come from leading researchers, practicingengineers and senior academicians, all writing about their particular areaof expertise. The foremost requirement for these chapters has been to givea reasonably complete up-to-date account of the current state of affairs inthese areas and they should be understandable to students and nonprofessionals who, in every possibility, may not belong to same level ofknowledge and experience. The level of these chapters is consistent withthe degree of complexity inherent in each article, but is adaptable to non-professionals. All chapters contain a list of references by means of whichmore details and more materials on the article can be found by interestedSeries Statistics: The statistics of the series also deserve someconsideration to have an idea of the length and breadth of the work andpeople involved in preparation of this work over a period of around threeyears. The series has 12 volumes containing 265 chapters covering around5000 pages contributed by 578 authors representing 58 countries of theworld. There are 22 countries having contribution of 5 or more chapters with India leading them all as follows (the figure in parenthesis marks thenumber of chapters from that particular nation): India (37), Italy (17), Chinaand United States of America (16 each), Spain (15), Iran (13), Brazil (13),Turkey (12), Portugal (10), Australia, Malaysia, Poland and Taiwan (8 each),Iraq, Mexico, Serbia and United Kingdom (7 each), Algeria and Japan (6each) and France, Germany and Russia (5 each)Readership: The series “Energy Science and Technology” is intended fora wider readership comprising of under graduate and post graduatestudents in technical and non-technical courses as well, researchers in allenergy fields, power sector industry, government institutions and libraries,policy makers, etc. Since the subject of energy is most appealing to presenthuman civilization, it is hoped that this series will find a place in most ofinstitutional and public libraries and also guide our policy makers in theirdecision making processes towards better utilization of natural resourcesand helping people to raise their living standards.
Title Energy Science and Technology 12 Vols. Set
Table of Content Please see the Table of Contents in respective vols.
Page No. 7819
Author's Name Ram Prasad, Sri Sivakumar, and Umesh Chandra Sharma, Exe. Ed. J N Govil
Publisher Studium Press LLC
Year Of Publication 2015
ISBN 10 1-62699-061-1
ISBN 13 No
About The Book No
Binding type No
Book Size(len) No
Series Series
book size(hei) 9
Book size width 6.2
Edition 1st

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