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Decentralised Governance and Planning In India

Author Name : Gayithri Karnam, N. Sivanna & M. Devendra Babu

Features

  • Publisher : Studium Press (India) Pvt. Ltd.
  • Edition : 1st
  • ISBN 13 : 978-93-85046-61-2
  • Page no : 338
  • Publication Year : 2019
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  • Description
  • Table Of Content
  • Reviews
Failure of the centralized system of governance and planning to resolve local problems and to promote local level development has led to an upsurge of interest in local governance in recent decades. The major justification for decentralization is derived from the fact that it is said to take Government and administration closer to people, involve people in decision-making process and ensure administrative transparency and accountability of the functionaries to people; effectively mobilize local resources for development; ensure fulfillment of the felt needs and aspirations of the people; and facilitate cost effective planning and implementation of local development projects using local resources and local wisdom. The rationale of decentralization is derived from the failure of national and State level governance in some areas and the ability of decentralized governments to start from where the former has left. However, it must be recognized that the local governance system will not provide answers to local problems and development imperatives unless such a system is responsive to these problems, effective and efficient in its reach. India's development experience with decentralization is the central focus of the book drawing rich insights from empirical verification of the extent to which the decentralization initiatives have succeeded in toning up local governance and development. The book is a tribute to Prof. Abdul Aziz who has contributed extensively to research on decentralization and local government institutions and to training programmes for elected members of Panchayati Raj Institutions. He also had the distinction of serving the first State Finance Commission in Karnataka.
Table of Content Foreword – About the Editor(s) – Acknowledgements – 1. Introduction and Overview – Normative Model of Local Governance – 2. Panchayati Raj in India: A Vision and a Roadmap for the Future – 2.1. Introduction – 2.2. The History – 2.3. The Current Status – 2.4. Vision – 2.5. Strategies – 2.6. Institutional Structure – 2.7. Conclusions – 3. History of Local Governments in India (With Special Reference to Karnataka) Lessons for Future – 3.1. Introduction – 3.2. Local Government in Ancient and Medieval Period – 3.3. Local Government Under British Rule – 3.4. After Independence – 3.5. Conclusions – 4. Democratic Decentralisation, Good Governance and Inclusive Development in India – 4.1. Introduction – 4.2. Democratic Decentralisation and Good Governance: Conceptual and Analytical Framework – 4.3. Conclusions – 5. Centrality of Panchayats in Rural Development Programmes: Rhetoric or a Reality? – 5.1. Introduction – 5.2. Analysis of Selected Centrally Sponsored Schemes – 5.3. Integrated Child Development Services – 5.4. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan – 5.5. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGs) – 5.6. Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme/Swajaldhara – 5.7. National Rural Health Mission – 5.8. Conclusions – Acknowledgements – 6. Decentralised Planning in India: A Historical Perspective – 6.1. Introduction – 6.2. Objectives and Methodology – 6.3. Reforms and Realities in Decentralised Planning – 6.4. 73rd Amendment and Planning – 6.5. Grama Sabha – 6.6. Decentralised Planning: The Realities – 6.7. District Planning Committee – 6.8. Round Table Meetings – 6.9. District Rural Development Agency – 6.10. Recent Developments in District Planning – 6.11. Conclusions and Suggestions – 7. Some Landmark Developments in the Evolution of India’s Federal Finance – 7.1. Statutory Transfers: Developments in Tax Sharing – 7.2. Vertical Devolution – 7.3. Alternative Scheme of Vertical Devolution – 7.4. Increases in The Share from the Divisible Pool – 7.5. Impetus to the Decentralization Process – 7.6. Criteria and Weights for Inter Se Distribution – 7.7. Non-Statutory Transfers – 7.8. Restructuring of Centrally Sponsored Schemes – 7.9. Concluding Observations – 8. Fiscal Dependence of Local Bodies: Insights from Karnataka – 8.1. Introduction – 8.2. Transfers to Local Bodies: Long Term Trends and Issues – 8.3. Transfers vis-a-vis State’s Fiscal Position – 8.4. Transfers in Relation to NLNORR – 8.5. Allocation to PRIs by Levels – 8.6. District Sector Plan Outlay in the State’s Plan Outlay – 8.7. Plan and Non-Plan Allocation – 8.8. State Finance Commissions’ Recommendations vis-a-vis Actual Allocation of Funds – 8.9. Concluding Observations – 9. Decentralized Governance Process and Its Implications for Development: The Case of Karnataka – 9.1. Introduction – 9.2. Decentralization in India – 9.3. Karnataka Grama Swaraj and Panchayat Raj Act 1993 – 9.4. Brief Profile of PRIS in Karnataka – 9.5. Gender and Social Composition of Elected Representatives of Panchayats in Karnataka – 9.6. Decentralized Governance and Development: An Analytical Framework – 9.7. Efficacy of Grama Sabha-People’s Participation in Development – 9.8. Developmental Activities – 9.9. Concluding Observations – 10. Decentralized Governance Process in Telangana State and Its Implications for Development – 10.1. Introduction – 10.2. Decentralisation and Development – A Conceptual Frame – 10.3. Status of Devolution of Functions, Funds and Functionaries: All India Scenario – 10.4. New State of Telangana – Reforms Initiated – 10.5. New State Panchayat Raj Act – 2017 – 10.6. Progress of District Planning Committees in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana States – 10.7. The Status of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act – 10.8. Conclusions – 11. Redressal of Regional Imbalances in Karnataka – 11.1. Introduction – 11.2. A Note on The Emergence of Regional Imbalances in Karnataka – 11.3. Measurement of Regional Imbalances – 11.4. Redressal of Regional Imbalances – 11.5. Concluding Remarks – 12. Participation in Democratic Decentralized Governance through Grama Sabha: A Case Study from Karnataka – 12.1. Introduction – 12.2. Literature Review – 12.3. Findings from the Study on Grama Sabha – 12.4. Planning and Decision-Making in Grama Sabhas – 12.5. Concluding Observations – 13. Habitation Level Peoples Plan and Its Significance in Tamil Nadu – 13.1. Introduction – 13.2. Objectives and Methodology of the Study – 13.3. Identification of Activities: Planning Process – 13.4. Results of the Study – 13.5. Conclusions – 14. Decentralisation and Primary Education: Lessons from Sino-Indian Comparative Study – 14.1. Introduction – 14.2. Need for Decentralisation in the Delivery of Basic Education – 14.3. Decentralisation, Educational Governance and Outputs in China and India – 14.4. China: Development of Primary Education – 14.5. India: Policies Relating to Primary Education in India – 14.6. Conclusions – 15. Poverty Reduction through Panchayats: Evidence from the Field – 15.1. Introduction – 15.2. Role of Panchayats in MGNREGS Implementation – 15.3. Share of MGNREGS Earnings to Total Income – 15.4. Impact of MGNREGS on Poverty – 15.5. Conclusions – Acknowledgements – 16. Dysfunctional School Development and Monitoring Committees: A Critical Appraisal in Lambani Thandas of Karnataka – 16.1. Introduction – 16.2. Centralized Educational Decentralization – 16.3. Dysfunctional Design of SDMCs in Karnataka – 16.4. Lambani Thandas of Karnataka – 16.5. Dysfunctional SDMCs in Lambani Thandas – 16.6. State Guidelines ‘Rhetoric Versus Reality’ – 16.7. Scapegoating Paper Tigers – 16.8. Forced Helplessness – 16.9. Educational Processes and SDMCs – 16.10. Extra Educational Politics – 16.11. Conclusions – Subject Index.

Series No
Title Decentralised Governance and Planning In India
Author's Name Gayithri Karnam, N. Sivanna & M. Devendra Babu
Publisher Studium Press (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Page No. 338
Year Of Publication 2019
ISBN 10 No
ISBN 13 978-93-85046-61-2
Book size width -
book size(hei) -
Edition 1st
Book Size(len) No
Binding type Hard bound
About The Book Failure of the centralized system of governance and planning to resolve local problems and to promote local level development has led to an upsurge of interest in local governance in recent decades. The major justification for decentralization is derived from the fact that it is said to take Government and administration closer to people, involve people in decision-making process and ensure administrative transparency and accountability of the functionaries to people; effectively mobilize local resources for development; ensure fulfillment of the felt needs and aspirations of the people; and facilitate cost effective planning and implementation of local development projects using local resources and local wisdom. The rationale of decentralization is derived from the failure of national and State level governance in some areas and the ability of decentralized governments to start from where the former has left. However, it must be recognized that the local governance system will not provide answers to local problems and development imperatives unless such a system is responsive to these problems, effective and efficient in its reach. India's development experience with decentralization is the central focus of the book drawing rich insights from empirical verification of the extent to which the decentralization initiatives have succeeded in toning up local governance and development. The book is a tribute to Prof. Abdul Aziz who has contributed extensively to research on decentralization and local government institutions and to training programmes for elected members of Panchayati Raj Institutions. He also had the distinction of serving the first State Finance Commission in Karnataka.

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